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USS Mississippi (BB 41)

USS Mississippi (BB 41)

USS Mississippi (BB 41)

USS Mississippi (BB 41) was a New Mexico class battleship that was in the Atlantic when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, and that took part in most of the major island invasions of the Pacific War, from the Aleutians to Okinawa.

The Mississippi was laid down in 1915, launched in 1917 and completed later in the same year, on 18 December 1917. She remained on the US east coast during the American involvement in the First World War, and spent most of the interwar years operating with the Pacific Fleet.

The New Mexico class ships were modernized in the early 1930s. Their machinery was replaced with new boilers and geared turbines. The cage masts were removed and two tower bridges built - a large one forward and smaller one aft. Anti-torpedo bulges were added and the gun elevation increased to 30 degrees.

During the war the USS Mississippi gained increasingly heavy anti-aircraft defences. She ended the war with 16 (14 in some sources) 5in/25 guns in single mountings, along with 13 quad mounts for 40mm guns and forty single mounted 20mm guns.

In the summer of 1941 all three New Mexico class ships were allocated to the Neutrality Patrol in the Atlantic Ocean, where they formed Task Force 1. On 8 December 1941 the Mississippi and Idaho were both at Reykjavik, and were thus amongst the seven operational battleships on the day after Pearl Harbor. All three New Mexico class ships were ordered back to the Pacific, where they spent the first half of 1942 patrolling off the UK west coast, escorting convoys to Hawaii and training.

Task Force 1 returned to Pearl Harbor on August 1942, and the Mississippi operated around Hawaii and in the southern Pacific. In the summer of 1943 she took part in the invasion of the Aleutian Islands. On 22 July she was part of the force that shelled Kiska Island, while on 27 July she took part in the 'battle of the pips' in which 518 rounds of 14in shells were fired against false radar contacts in near zero visibility. All of this conspicuous activity did have an impact on the Japanese, and on 28 July the 5,100 strong garrison of Kiska was withdrawn.

In November 1943 New Mexico, Pennsylvania, Idaho and Mississippi formed the Northern Attack Group (TG 52.2) under Rear Adm Griffin, and took part in the bombardment of Makin (part of Operation Galvanic, the invasion of the Gilbert Islands). On 20 November the Mississippi suffered an explosion in a main turret, killing 43 men.

In January-February 1944 the same four ships formed the Southern Attack Force (FSG 52.8) during Operation Flintlock, the invasion of the Marshal Islands. Mississippi bombarded Taroa on 20 February 1944 and Wotje on 21 February.

On 20 March she was part of a force (New Mexico, Tennessee, Idaho and Mississippi) that bombarded Kavieng, New Ireland, to divert attention away from an Army invasion of Emirau Island.

The Mississippi spent the summer of 1944 undergoing a refit, before returning to take part in Operation Stalemate II, the invasion of the Palaus, in September 1944. Pennsylvania, Maryland, Tennessee, Mississippi and West Virginia formed the Fire Support Group for Task Force 31 (Admiral Oldendorf). The Mississippi supported the operation for a week, starting on 12 September.

In October she became part of the Fire Support Group for the Northern Attack Force, TG 78, under Rear Admiral Weyler, and took part in the invasion of Leyte. The Mississippi bombarded the shore of Leyte on 19-20 October. She was present at the battle of Surigao Strait (24 October 1944), the last clash between battleships, but only fired one salve in the American victory. After this battle the Mississippi stayed at Leyte, supporting the invasion, until 16 November.

At the start of 1945 the 'old' battleships were formed into TG 77.2 (Vice Admiral Oldendorf), with six battleships in two units. Mississippi was in Unit 1, with West Virginia and New Mexico, while California, Pennsylvania and Colorado formed Unit 2. The Mississippi opened fire in Lingayan Gulf, on the approaches to Luzon, on 6 January 1945, and came under heavy kamikaze attack. She was hit on 8 January, but was able to remain in place until 10 February.

She then returned to Pearl Harbor for repairs, before returning to the war zone to take part in the attack on Okinawa. Her gunfire destroyed the key Japanese defensive position at Shuri Castle, firing 1,300 14in shells during the attack. She was hit by a second kamikaze on 5 June, but once again was able to remain in place, this time for 11 days.

The Mississippi was part of the fleet that witnessed the Japanese surrender in Tokyo Bay. After the war she became a test bed for guns and anti-aircraft systems, with the new hull number AG-128. During 1946-47 all but one of her main turrets was removed and replaced with different 5in/38 turrets. The last 14in turret went in 1952, when the Terrier SAM system was installed. The first of these missiles was fired on 28 January 1953. The Mississippi was finally decommissioned in 1956 and sold for scrap later in the same year.

Displacement (standard)

32,000t

Displacement (loaded)

33,000t

Top Speed

21kts

Range

8,000nm at 10kts

Armour – belt

13.5in-8in

- deck

3.5in

- turret faces

18in or 16in

- turret sides

10-9in

- turret top

5in

- turret rear

9in

- barbettes

13in

- coning tower

16in

- coning tower top

8in

Length

624ft

Width

97ft 5in

Armaments

Twelve 14in guns in four triple turrets
Fourteen 4in guns
Four 3in guns
Two 21in submerged beam torpedo tubes

Crew complement

1084

Laid down

5 April 1915

Launched

25 January 1917

Completed

18 December 1917

Fate

Stricken 1956


USS Mississippi (BB 41) - History

Ship History
Built by Newport News Shipbuilding at Newport News, Virginia. Laid down April 5, 1915. Launched on January 25, 1917. Commissioned December 18, 1917 with Captain J. L. Jayne in command.

Wartime History
On December 9, 1941 Mississippi departed Iceland and arrived at San Francisco on January 22, 1942 and spent the next seven months training and escorting convoys along the Western United States. On December 6, 1942, after participating in exercises off Hawaii, she steamed with troop transports to Fiji then returning to Pearl Harbor on March 2, 1943.

On May 10, 1943 departed Pearl Harbor to the Aleutian Islands, and on July 22 bombarded Kiska. Afterwards, steamed to San Francisco for overhaul then to San Pedro on October 19, 193 to take part in the invasion of the Gilbert Islands. On November 20, 1943 while bombarding Makin, the battleship suffered a turret explosion, al killing 43 men.

On January 31, 1944 she participated in the Marshall Islands campaign, shelling Kwajalein and bombarded Taroa on February 20, 1944 and struck Wotje February 21, 1944. On 15 March she pounded Kavieng, New Ireland. Due for an overhaul, she spent the summer months at Puget Sound. Afterwards Mississippi supported landings on Peleliu on September 12, 1944 providing a week of continuous operations then departed for Manus and remained there until October 12, 1944.

Leyte Gulf
Mississippi joined the Task Force bound for Leyte shelling the eastern coast on October 19, 1944 in support of the landing. On the night of October 24, 1944, as part of Admiral Jesse Oldendorf's battleline, she participated in the Battle of Surigao Strait. Afterwards, Mississippi continued to support the operations at Leyte Gulf until November 16, 1944, when she departed for Manus then to San Pedro Bay, Leyte, on December 28, 1944, to prepare for the landings on Luzon.

Lingayen Gulf
Mississippi joined the Task Force bound for Luzon and on January 6, 1945 she began bombardment of targets along Lingayen Gulf. Hit by a kamikaze near her waterline, she supported the invasion forces until February 10, 1944 then returned to Pearl Harbor for repairs.

Okinawa
Sailed to Nakagusuku Wan, Okinawa, arriving 6 May to support the American landings. Her guns leveled the defenses at Shuri Castle, which had stalled the entire offensive. On 5 June, another kamikaze crashed into her starboard side, but the fighting ship continued to support the troops at Okinawa until 16 June.

Surrender
After the announced surrender of Japan, Mississippi steamed to Sagami Wan, Honshu, arriving 27 August as part of the support occupation force. She anchored in Tokyo Bay, witnessed the signing of the surrender documents, and steamed for home on 6 September.

Post War
She arrived 27 November at Norfolk, where she underwent conversion to AG-128, on 15 February 1946. She helped launch the Navy into the age of the guided-missile warship when she successfully test fired the Terrier missile on 28 January 1953 off Cape Cod. She also assisted in the final evaluation of the Petrel missile, a radar-homing weapon, in February 1956. Mississippi was decommissioned at Norfolk September 17, 1956. Sold to Bethlehem Steel Company for scrap on November 28, 1956 and broken up during 1957.

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The Last Battleship Battle Was a Slaughter (And Other Navy 'Lasts')

The final battleship battle in history has long been considered a one-sided slaughter. The Battle of Surigao Strait, which was part of the larger Battle of Leyte Gulf, took place from October 24-25, 1944, and was one of only two battleship-versus-battleship naval battles of the entire campaign in the Pacific during the Second War II. Both were fought between the United States Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN).

History records the famous "firsts," and yet, not all are moments are to be cherished or revered.

For every major achievement that brought mankind forward, there are infamous events that highlighted its very worst. This is especially true in military history, where the first use of tanks is celebrated while the first use of poison gas is marked as a dark moment.

Then there is the fact that less considered are the famous "lasts" – and yet, in naval history, there are some moments that were crucial for being the final or last, while the end of some ships is also as significant.

Last Battle with Galleys

Naval galleys were used for several millennia throughout the Mediterranean Sea and had been used by early naval powers in the region including the Greeks, Illyrians, Phoenicians, and Romans. Even as newer types of vessels were developed, galleys remained the principal warship and were the first to effectively employ the use of heavy cannons as anti-ship weapons.

The galley reached its zenith in the 16th century, and within a hundred years was displaced by more modern sailing ships. The Battle of Lepanto, fought between the Holy League, which consisted of a coalition of Catholic states, against the Ottoman Empire in October 1571 was considered the last great battle involving galleys. It involved more than 400 galleys, and was the last major engagement in the Western world to be fought almost entirely between rowing vessels. It also marked the first major loss for the Ottomans in more than 100 years.

However, the Ottoman Empire rebuilt its fleet – only to suffer another major defeat at the Battle of Cape Celidonia in July 1616 when the antiqued galleys proved no match for the more modern Spanish galleons.

Last Wooden Warship

The Royal Navy's HMS Victoria was launched in 1859 and was the largest wooden battleship ever to enter service but was also the last of her kind.

Armed with a total of 121 guns, she was also the largest warship of her time and had a complement of 1,000 officers and sailors – but that was short-lived as HMS Warrior, the first British ironclad battleship, entered service just two years later.

The ship was truly one that showed the changing designs – and included both sails as well as an engine fired by eight boilers, which made her the fastest three-decker warship in service.

While Victoria cost nearly £13 million in today's money, the warship's career was short-lived. From completion, she was sent to the reserve fleet. The vessel briefly served as the Flagship of the Mediterranean fleet from November 1864 until early 1867 and was then reassigned to the reserve fleet. The warship was finally sold for scrap in 1893, having never taken part in any conflict.

Last Battle Fought with Wooden Ships

Two battles lay claim to this infamous last and both involved Austria, which is somewhat notable as it was never considered a significant naval power.

The first was the Battle of Heligoland, which was fought on May 9, 1864, during the Second Schleswig War between Denmark and the allied forces of Austria and Prussia. It marked the last naval battle fought by squadrons of wood ships, as well as the final time Danish warships fought in a major action. It also resulted in a tactical Danish victory, but Denmark was unable to enforce its blockade of the northern German ports. Within months, the war ended in Austria's and Prussia's victory.

Two years after that engagement, the navies of Austria and Italy were engaged in the Battle of Lisa on June 20, 1866, in what was one of the largest naval battles in the Mediterranean in the latter half of the 19th century. The Italian fleet consisted of 12 ironclads and 19 wooden ships against seven Austrian ironclads and 20 wooden ships. The Italian losses, which included the loss of two ironclads and more than three times the men, were significantly higher. It is also noteworthy for being the first major sea battle between ironclads but was also the last time that wooden ships were used in combat.

Last Battleship Battle

The final battleship battle in history has long been considered a one-sided slaughter. The Battle of Surigao Strait, which was part of the larger Battle of Leyte Gulf, took place from October 24-25, 1944, and was one of only two battleship-versus-battleship naval battles of the entire campaign in the Pacific during the Second War II. Both were fought between the United States Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN).

Surigao Strait also marked the last time in naval history that one force was able to "cross the T" of its opponent, and the last time that air power did not play a part, except in pursuit. U.S. Navy battleships participating were USS Mississippi (BB-41), USS Maryland (BB-46), USS West Virginia (BB-48), USS Tennessee (BB-43), USS California (BB-44), and USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) – and all except Mississippi had been damaged during the Pearl Harbor attack in December 1941. When the battle ended the Japanese battleships Fuso and Yamashiro and the destroyers Michishio, Asagumo and Yamagumo had been sunk!

The Last Battleship Built

It is fitting that the Royal Navy has the distinction of commissioning the final true battleship – HMS Vanguard. Built during the Second World War, but only commissioned afterward, she was the biggest and fastest of the British battleships and the last to be built.

The development of a new and more powerful class of battleships began in the late 1930s when the British military believed it would be outnumbered by the combined German and Japanese battleship fleets. Originally designed with 16-inch guns, it was determined it would be too time-consuming to produce the warship and it was modified to use existing 15-inch guns. Construction of the warship stopped and restarted during the war, and as a result of modifications being made to address wartime experience, Vanguard wasn't completed until after the war ended. She remained in service until 1955 when it was determined during refit to be put in reserve.

Sadly, the last warship was sold for scrap in 1960, an inglorious end to the last battleship to be built.


World War II Database


ww2dbase USS Mississippi, a 32,000 ton New Mexico class battleship, was built at Newport News, Virginia. She was commissioned in December 1917, and operated in the western Atlantic area until July 1919, when she transited the Panama Canal to the Pacific. Over more than a decade, she operated with the fleet's other battleships, conducting exercises and training operations in the Pacific and in the Caribbean. During gunnery practice on 12 June 1924, she suffered a turret fire that took the lives of 48 of her crew. Mississippi steamed to Australia on a U.S. Fleet good will tour in mid-1925.

ww2dbase During 1931-33 , Mississippi underwent a major modernization that gave her an all-new superstructure, improved armament and enhanced protection. She returned to the Pacific in October 1934 to resume her earlier pattern of regular exercises, Fleet Problems and training. In June 1941, in response to the deteriorating war situation in Europe, she was brought back to the Atlantic, operating between the United States and Iceland during much of the rest of that year.

ww2dbase In early 1942, after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Mississippi rejoined the Pacific Fleet. She spent most of 1942 along the U.S. west coast and went to the South Pacific late in that year. In 1943, she took part operations against Kiska Island, in the Aleutians, and in the capture of the Gilbert Islands. During the latter operation, on 29 November 1943, Mississippi experienced another turret explosion, which took 43 lives. Following repairs, she participated in the capture of Kwajalein in February 1944 and bombarded Japanese-held islands in February and March. Later in the year, she was part of the force that invaded Peleliu and Leyte and defeated a Japanese task force in the Battle of Surigao Strait. Mississippi provided gunfire support for the Lingayen landings in January 1945 and for the conquest of Okinawa in March-June. The battleship was damaged by suicide planes in both operations. She was present in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945, when Japan formally surrendered and returned to the United States soon thereafter.

ww2dbase Mississippi was converted to a gunnery training and weapons development ship in 1946, and given the new hull number AG-128. In this role, she carried a variety of old and new guns and radars, while serving with the Operational Development Force in the Atlantic. During the mid-1950s, she was test ship for the Navy's first surface-to-air guided missile, the "Terrier". Decommissioned in September 1956, USS Mississippi was sold for scrapping in November of that year, after almost forty years of service.

ww2dbase Source: Naval Historical Center

Last Major Revision: Jan 2005

Battleship Mississippi (BB-41) Interactive Map

Mississippi Operational Timeline

18 Dec 1917 USS Mississippi was commissioned into service.
14 Dec 1924 A new method in the launch of ship-based aircraft was displayed with the explosive-powered catapult launch of a Martin MO-1 observation plane from the forward turret of the USS Mississippi. Previously, ships other than aircraft-carriers had top come to a halt in order to lower the aircraft into the water to allow them to take off.
1 Sep 1941 Battleships USS Idaho, USS Mississippi, and USS New Mexico, escorted by 2 cruisers and 13 destroyers, were dispatched to patrol the Denmark Strait to protect American merchant shipping.
15 Feb 1943 Battleship USS Mississippi, cruiser USS Minneapolis, and destroyers USS Shaw and McKean departed Suva, Fiji bound for Pago Pago, Samoa.
18 Feb 1943 Battleship USS Mississippi, cruiser USS Minneapolis, and destroyers USS Shaw and McKean arrived at Pago Pago, Samoa.
19 Feb 1943 Battleship USS Mississippi, cruiser USS Minneapolis, and destroyers USS Shaw, Boggs, and McKean departed Pago Pago, Samoa bound for Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
2 Mar 1943 Battleship USS Mississippi, cruiser USS Minneapolis, and destroyers USS Shaw, Boggs, and McKean arrived at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
25 Apr 1944 USS Mississippi arrived at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard for an overhaul.
16 Jul 1944 USS Mississippi and USS West Virginia departed Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, the latter after extensive repairs and modernization following damage received in the Pearl Harbor Attack.
1 Nov 1944 A battleship force on station at the northern entrance to Surigao Strait consisting of battleships USS Mississippi, California, and Pennsylvania screened by cruisers USS Phoenix, Boise, Nashville, and HMAS Shropshire along with destroyers Ammen, Bush, Leutze, Newcomb, Bennion, Heywood L. Edwards, Robinson, Richard P. Leary, Bryant, and Claxton came under an intense Japanese air attacking force that included special attack aircraft. USS Ammen sustained a glancing blow from a Yokosuka P1Y 'Francis' that caused considerable topside damage and killed 5 men. An Aichi D3A 'Val' crashed across Abner Read's main deck as it dropped a bomb down one the destroyer's stacks that exploded in the engine room. Abner Read jettisoned her torpedoes which immediately began their runs toward other ships in the group. Abner Read began sinking by the stern and 20 minutes after the attack, she rolled over and sank. 24 were killed. Meanwhile, Mississippi and Nashville had to take emergency evasive actions to avoid the torpedoes.
9 Jan 1945 USS Mississippi was damaged by Japanese special attack aircraft at Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands.
17 Sep 1956 USS Mississippi was decommissioned from service.

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MISSISSIPPI EAG 128

This section lists the names and designations that the ship had during its lifetime. The list is in chronological order.

    New Mexico Class Battleship
    Keel Laid 5 April 1915 - Launched 25 January 1917

Naval Covers

This section lists active links to the pages displaying covers associated with the ship. There should be a separate set of pages for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Covers should be presented in chronological order (or as best as can be determined).

Since a ship may have many covers, they may be split among many pages so it doesn't take forever for the pages to load. Each page link should be accompanied by a date range for covers on that page.

Postmarks

This section lists examples of the postmarks used by the ship. There should be a separate set of postmarks for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Within each set, the postmarks should be listed in order of their classification type. If more than one postmark has the same classification, then they should be further sorted by date of earliest known usage.

A postmark should not be included unless accompanied by a close-up image and/or an image of a cover showing that postmark. Date ranges MUST be based ONLY ON COVERS IN THE MUSEUM and are expected to change as more covers are added.
 
>>> If you have a better example for any of the postmarks, please feel free to replace the existing example.


Meet the USS Mississippi: The World's First Guided Missile Battleship

The world’s first guided-missile battleship could trace its origins, oddly enough, to a failed Congressional attempt to limit the size and cost of battleships.

In 1904, the United States laid down USS Mississippi (BB-23), second of her name and the first of a class of two pre-dreadnoughts intended to stem the growth in naval construction costs. Congress, embittered by the cost of the six Connecticut-class battleships, limited the Mississippi’s to 13,000 tons, three thousand tons smaller than their predecessors. This resulted in a lighter secondary armament, lower speed, and shorter range, characteristics which only enhanced their obsolescence when HMS Dreadnought entered service before they could be completed. The USN sought to discard these unusable ships as quickly as possible (they could not even operate with the pre-dreadnought squadrons that then constituted the Atlantic Fleet), and in 1914 succeeded in selling both to Greece. German dive bombers would sink both ships in the spring of 1941.

This freed up the name USS Mississippi (BB-41) for one of twelve “standard type” battleships, designed with a similar armor scheme, speed, and main armament in order to operate together. The new Mississippi displaced 32,000 tons, could make 21 knots, and carried twelve 14” guns in four triple turrets. She differed from her immediate predecessors, the Pennsylvania class, by having a clipper bow and a better arranged secondary armament. Because of the fortuitous sale of the preceding USS Mississippi, the United States government could afford to buy three ships of the class, rather than the standard two.

Commissioned in late 1917, Mississippi was not deployed to the United Kingdom because of oil shortages created by the German U-boat campaign. In any case, the Grand Fleet then held presumptive dominance over the High Seas Fleet, and the battleships remaining on the western side of the Atlantic made up a capable reserve. She spent most of the war training in the Caribbean. Mississippi and her sisters survived the Washington Naval Treaty, although in 1924 she suffered a dreadful gun mishap that killed forty-eight men, at the time the worst peacetime naval disaster in U.S. history.

Like most U.S. battleships, Mississippi was heavily modernized during the interwar period. Unlike the preceding classes, Mississippi and her sisters were rebuilt with a citadel superstructure somewhat similar to that of HMS Rodney. This arrangement was more useful (and aesthetically pleasing) than the tripod mast reconstructions adopted in earlier ships. War tensions in Europe prompted the USN to transfer Mississippi and her two sisters to the Atlantic in early 1941, and she was on convoy escort duty in Iceland during the Pearl Harbor attack. After the attack, Mississippi rejoined the Pacific Fleet, undergoing an overhaul that increased her anti-aircraft armament.

Mississippi’s war record was similar to that of other battleships of her vintage. She escorted convoys and helped constitute an active reserve for most of 1942. In 1943, as the U.S. island-hopping campaign ramped up, she began conducting shore bombardment of Japanese-held islands in the Aleutians, the Gilberts, and the Marshalls. In November, she suffered another gun explosion, this time losing forty-three men.

The most exciting part of her service came on the morning of October 24, 1944, when she, along with five other battleships, participated in the destruction of the Japanese battleship HIJMS Yamashiro. The battleship squadron had been assigned to fire support duty for the invasion of Leyte. A Japanese battle squadron attempted to run the Surigao Strait and reach the U.S. invasion fleet, but Admiral Jesse Oldendorf’s battleships stood in the way. Only Yamashiro survived the waves of attacks along the way, only to find the American squadron at the end of the strait. Mississippi, lacking the most modern radar, fired only one salvo at Yamashiro, less than a minute before Admiral Oldendorf issued a cease-fire order. Yamashiro quickly sank from torpedo and gun damage.

Hit by a kamikaze in January 1945, Mississippi participated in most of the actions at the close of the Pacific War. After the war she was converted into a gunnery training ship and given a new designation, AG-128. Mississippi was more fortunate than her sisters and half-sisters, who found themselves either at the bottom of Bikini Atoll, at the scrap yard, or in reserve. In late 1952, she was equipped with Terrier surface-to-air missiles for testing purposes.

The initial Terriers were not tremendously useful, with a range of only ten nautical miles, but they offered a good start on the revolution of USN anti-air defense. The USN worries that its existing air defense weapons were insufficient to combat jet aircraft, and that future attacks might involve Soviet bombers carrying long-range cruise missiles. Initially guided by radar beams, the Terrier would develop (long after Mississippi found her way to the scrapyard) into an effective long-range anti-aircraft missile. Mississippi also served as a target ship for the Petrel airborne torpedo, eventually suffering mild damage when one of the torpedoes struck a screw.

Mississippi conducted missile tests for four years before decommissioning in 1956. She was sold for scrap that November. The USN floated a variety of schemes in the postwar era to convert battleships into missile ships. Apart from Mississippi and the four Iowa ships (which eventually sported Tomahawk and Harpoon missiles), the plans came to naught. Several heavy cruisers underwent conversion to SAM missiles ships, intended to protect carrier battle groups from Soviet attack. The last of these ships left service in 1980.

Dr. Robert Farley, a frequent contributor to TNI, teaches at the Patterson School of Diplomacy and International Commerce at the University of Kentucky. He is the author of the Battleship Book and can be found at @drfarls.


About USCS

The Universal Ship Cancellation Society, Inc., (APS Affiliate #98), a non-profit, tax exempt corporation, (IRS 501(c)(3)) founded in 1932, promotes the study of the history of naval vessels, naval postal markings, and other postal documents involving the U.S. Navy and other maritime organizations of the world. Members of the society typically collect naval covers. Some members are primarily interested in cachets, some are primarily interested in postmarks, and some are interested in both. Some members conduct research in their areas of interest and publish their findings through the Society. Such reference material is then available for all collectors. Many members share an interest in naval covers as well as an interest in naval or maritime history. The Society’s monthly journal, the Log, contains a blend of these two interests.

The U.S.C.S. Log (ISSN 0279-6139), the official publication of the Universal Ship Cancellation Society, Inc, is published monthly.

Society Officers:

President: Richard D. Jones, Email: (Richard D. Jones)
Vice President: John Germann, Email: (John Germann)
Secretary: Steve Shay, Email: (Steve Shay)
Treasurer: Lloyd Ferrell, Email: (Lloyd Ferrell)
Past President: Don Tjossem, Email: (Don Tjossem)

Greg Ciesielski, Email: (Greg Ciesielski)
Nancy Clark, Email: (Nancy Clark)
David Bernstein, Email: (David Bernstein)
Richard Hoffner, Sr. Email: (Richard Hoffner)
Laurie Bernstein, Email: (Laurie Bernstein)
Stewart Milstein, Email: (Stewart Milstein)
Lawrence Brennan, Email: (Lawrence Brennan)
John Young, Email: (John Young)

Member Chapters:

Many society members elect to form local chapters. This provides the members the opportunity to get together and discuss mutual interests, sell or trade covers, create new cachets and socialize. Several chapters already exist, perhaps one is near you! If you are near one of these chapters, please contact the representative listed for the date of the next meeting


USS Mississippi (BB 41)


USS Mississippi as seen prewar.

Stationed in Iceland when the attack on Pearl Harbour on 7 December 1941 took place. She soon moved to the Pacific spending the remainder of the war there. Used as a gunnery test ship from November 1945 until July 1947.
Converted to a missile test ship 1952.
Decommissioned 17 September 1956.
Sold 29 November 1956 to be broken up for scrap.

Commands listed for USS Mississippi (BB 41)

Please note that we're still working on this section.

CommanderFromTo
1Capt. Raymond Ames Spruance, USN

2Capt. William Robert Munroe, USN6 Feb 1940
3Capt. Walden Lee Ainsworth, USN 15 Nov 1942
4Capt. Lunsford Lomax Hunter, USN16 Nov 194217 Apr 1944
5Capt. Heman Judd Redfield, Jr., USN17 Apr 194418 Jul 1945
6T/Capt. John Francis Crowe, Jr., USN18 Jul 1945

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World War Photos

Battleship USS Mississippi at Sea 1945 USS Mississippi at Sea 1942 Battleship USS Mississippi underway 1923 USS Mississippi fires her forward 14-inch guns during the bombardment of Makin 20 November 1943
USS Mississippi and Royal Navy destroyers at Hvalfjordur Iceland 4 October 1941 USS Mississippi Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone July 25, 1919 USS Mississippi at Hampton Roads January 20, 1934 USS Mississippi battles storm during patrol in North Atlantic 1941
USS Mississippi in the Golden Gate San Francisco April 15, 1925 USS Mississippi on Hudson passing Statue of Liberty 1934 USS Mississippi dry-docked for repair at Guiuan in ABSD-5 6 July 1945 USS Mississippi in Puget Sound painted in camouflage MS-32 6D, July 1944
USS ABSD-2 at Manus with battleship USS Mississippi BB-41 drydocked October 1944 Battleship USS Mississippi BB-41 Battleship USS Mississippi BB-41 broadside

USS Mississippi, a New Mexico-class battleship, was the third ship of the United States Navy named in honor of the 20th state.
Her keel was laid down 5 April 1915 by Newport News Shipbuilding Company of Newport News, Virginia. She was launched on 25 January 1917 sponsored by Miss Camelle McBeath, and commissioned on 18 December 1917 with Captain J. L. Jayne in command.

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Post-War [ edit | edit source ]

USS Mississippi after her postwar conversion

USS Mississippi firing a Terrier missile

Mississippi arrived on 27 November 1945 at Norfolk, where she underwent conversion to an auxiliary ship, retaining her original name but reclassified as AG-128, effective 15 February 1946. As part of the development force, she spent the last 10 years of her career carrying out investigations of gunnery problems and testing new weapons, while based at Norfolk. Β] She helped launch the Navy into the age of the guided-missile warship when she successfully test fired the Terrier missile on 28 January 1953 off Cape Cod. She also assisted in the final evaluation of the Petrel missile, a radar-homing weapon, in February 1956. She was succeeded in her missile testing role by USS Norton Sound (AVM-1).

Mississippi decommissioned at Norfolk on 17 September 1956. It was proposed that the State of Mississippi convert the ship as a museum at sea, in the same way that Alabama in Mobile, Alabama operates, but these plans were not carried out. Instead, the Bethlehem Steel Company purchased the ship as scrap metal on 28 November of the same year. Γ]


Watch the video: BB41 (December 2021).