George Ramsay was born in Glasgow on 3rd March 1855. He moved to Birmingham in search of work. In 1874 Ramsay saw a Aston Villa practice session while out walking in Aston Park. Ramsay joined in the game and his excellent football skills resulting in him being invited to join the team. It was clear that Ramsay knew much more about football than the rest of the players and was appointed as their new captain. Ramsay later commented that the team's approach to football at the time was "a dash at the man and a big kick of the ball."
In 1876 George Ramsay persuaded Archie Hunter to join Aston Villa. Hunter, who had played football for Third Lanark, was a very talented centre-forward. Ramsay and Hunter introduced what was known as the "passing game". This was the main style used in Scotland whereas in England most teams relied on what was known as the "dribbling game".
Archie Hunter later described the important role that Ramsay played in the development of Aston Villa: Mr. Ramsay was practically the founder of the Aston Villa Football Club. He had had good tuition in the game while in Scotland and as a member of the Oxford Club he had gained plenty of experience and taken part in several first-class matches. Mr. Ramsay was a capital all-round player and could take any position and give a good account of himself."
As Graham McColl pointed out in his book, Aston Villa: 1874-1998: "The influence of Ramsay, then Hunter, led Villa to develop an intricate passing game, a revolutionary move for an English club in the late 1870s. It was a style of play modelled on that which was prevalent in Scotland at the time which was prevalent in Scotland at the time and which had been pioneered by Queen's Park, the Glasgow side. This type of sophisticated teamwork had rarely been employed in England. Instead, individuals would try to take the ball as far as they could on their own until stopped by an opponent."
Ramsay always wore a polo-cap and long shorts. William McGregor later recalled: "I can see now the little dapper, well-built laddie, with a black-and-red striped cap, red-and-blue hooped jersey, and the same coloured stockings, getting hold of the ball on the extreme wing, well within his own territory, and going off like streaked lightning, wiggling, waggling past opponents one after another and finally landing the ball between the sticks."
In the 1880-81 season Aston Villa won 21 of their 25 games. They also won the Staffordshire Cup that year. George Ramsay was in outstanding form. Unfortunately, a serious injury forced Ramsay to retire from first-class football in June, 1882. Two years later he was appointed as club secretary. A job he held until 1926.
George Ramsay died in Llandrindod Wells in October 1935.
While I was in Scotland I had become acquainted with the Calthorpe Football Club, which used to come up and play the second team of Queen's Park. There were some very fair players in the Calthorpe and I made up my mind, on arriving in Birmingham, to join them. But one of my fellow-workmen, George Uzzell, mentioned Aston Villa to me as a club that had come rapidly to the fore and asked me to become a member of it. I hesitated for some time, but at last my friend told me that a "brother Scot," Mr. George Ramsay, was the Villa captain and that decided me. Ramsay was a Glasgow man and had exerted himself very considerably to bring the Villa team into the front rank. He was himself a good right-wing forward and was well supported by W. B. Mason. So to Mr. Ramsay I went and we at once became good friends and remain so to this day.
Mr. A short time before he left, his club had tied three times with the Glasgow Rangers for the Scotch Cup. He was keeping goal and he relates that on the last occasion he saved his goal at the expense of a broken nose.
Mr. Ramsay was a capital all-round player and could take any position and give a good account of himself. Coming to Birmingham he found football here in a very backward state. The four principal clubs were St. Mary's, Aston Unity, Calthorpe and the Birmingham. One day Mr. Ramsay saw a few lads playing together in the big public park facing Park Road, Aston and he watched them with some amount of curiosity and amusement. They were connected with the Villa Cross Wesleyan Chapel and only had the most primitive ideas of the game. Ramsay describes their play as "a dash at the man and a big kick at the ball;" they were entirely ignorant of dribbling and were evidently in the most rudimentary stage of knowledge - quite "juvenile," as Mr. Ramsay said.
Well, when he had watched the lads some time he spoke to a bystander and suggested that they two should join in the game. Then he called to one of the players, William Weiss by name and proposed that he should be allowed to play on one side and his chance acquaintance on the other. When his broad Scotch had, after much trouble, been understood, the proposal was agreed to and Mr. Ramsay began to play. He soon showed that science was superior to all their big kicks and easily dribbled the ball past the men who had never seen a display of the kind before. They were amazed when they saw how he played and when all was over they surrounded the player, who had footed the ball.
To David Ramsay
I therefore beg, Sir, that you will accept my acknowledgments and best thanks for this mark of polite attention, from which I expect to derive much pleasure and satisfaction in the perusal, with very great esteem, I am Sir, your most obedient humble Servant
The historian and physician David Ramsay (1749–1815) was educated at the College of New Jersey and received his medical training at the College of Pennsylvania from which he was given his degree in 1772. In 1773 he began practice in Charleston, S.C., and served in the 1770s and 1780s in the South Carolina legislature and in the Continental Congress in 1782 and 1785. In 1785 Ramsay produced the History of the Revolution of South Carolina, criticized for including much verbatim material from the Annual Register, a charge that was also levied against his more important work, the History of the American Revolution, published in 1789.
1 . Thomas Allen, a New York bookseller and a partner in the firm of Hodge, Allen, and Campell, wrote GW on 1 June that “Doctor Ramsay has ordered me to present to you, a Copy of his History of the American Revolution” (DLC:GW ). GW’s copy of Ramsay’s History is now in the Collection of Books from Washington’s Library at the Boston Athenaeum. Both volumes have GW’s signature on the title pages ( Griffin, Boston Athenæum Collection, description begins Appleton P. C. Griffin, comp. A Catalogue of the Washington Collection in the Boston Athenæum . Cambridge, Mass., 1897. description ends 170–71).
Was this Britain's first black queen?
Q ueen Charlotte died nearly two centuries ago but is still celebrated in her namesake American city. When you drive from the airport in North Carolina, you can't miss the monumental bronze sculpture of the woman said to be Britain's first black queen, dramatically bent backwards as if blown by a jet engine. Downtown, there is another prominent sculpture of Queen Charlotte, in which she's walking with two dogs as if out for a stroll in 21st-century America.
Street after street is named after her, and Charlotte itself revels in the nickname the Queen City - even though, shortly after the city was named in her honour, the American War of Independence broke out, making her the queen of the enemy. And the city's art gallery, the Mint museum, holds a sumptuous 1762 portrait of Charlotte by the Scottish portrait painter Allan Ramsay, showing the Queen of England in regal robes aged 17, the year after she married George III.
Charlotte is intrigued by its namesake. Some Charlotteans even find her lovable. "We think your queen speaks to us on lots of levels," says Cheryl Palmer, director of education at the Mint museum. "As a woman, an immigrant, a person who may have had African forebears, botanist, a queen who opposed slavery - she speaks to Americans, especially in a city in the south like Charlotte that is trying to redefine itself."
Yet Charlotte (1744-1818) has much less resonance in the land where she was actually queen. If she is known at all here, it is from her depiction in Alan Bennett's play as the wife of "mad" King George III. We have forgotten or perhaps never knew that she founded Kew Gardens, that she bore 15 children (13 of whom survived to adulthood), and that she was a patron of the arts who may have commissioned Mozart.
Here, Charlotte is a woman who hasn't so much intrigued as been regularly damned. In the opening of Charles Dickens's A Tale of Two Cities she is dismissed in the second paragraph: "There was a king with a large jaw, and a queen with a plain face, on the throne of England." Historian John H Plumb described her as "plain and undesirable". Even her physician, Baron Christian Friedrich Stockmar, reportedly described the elderly queen as "small and crooked, with a true mulatto face".
"She was famously ugly," says Desmond Shawe-Taylor, surveyor of the Queen's pictures. "One courtier once said of Charlotte late in life: 'Her Majesty's ugliness has quite faded.' There was quite a miaow factor at court."
Charlotte's name was given to thoroughfares throughout Georgian Britain - most notably Charlotte Square in Edinburgh's New Town - but her lack of resonance and glamour in the minds of Londoners is typified by the fact that there is a little square in Bloomsbury called Queen's Square. In the middle is a sculpture of a queen. For much of the 19th century, the sculpture was thought to depict Queen Anne and, as a result, the square was known as Queen Anne's Square. Only later was it realised that the sculpture actually depicted Charlotte and the square renamed Queen Square.
Hold on, you might be saying. Britain has had a black queen? Did I miss something? Surely Helen Mirren played Charlotte in the film The Madness of King George and she was, last time I looked, white? Yet the theory that Queen Charlotte may have been black, albeit sketchy, is nonetheless one that is gaining currency.
If you google Queen Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, you'll quickly come across a historian called Mario de Valdes y Cocom. He argues that her features, as seen in royal portraits, were conspicuously African, and contends that they were noted by numerous contemporaries. He claims that the queen, though German, was directly descended from a black branch of the Portuguese royal family, related to Margarita de Castro e Souza, a 15th-century Portuguese noblewoman nine generations removed, whose ancestry she traces from the 13th-century ruler Alfonso III and his lover Madragana, whom Valdes takes to have been a Moor and thus a black African.
It is a great "what if" of history. "If she was black," says the historian Kate Williams, "this raises a lot of important suggestions about not only our royal family but those of most of Europe, considering that Queen Victoria's descendants are spread across most of the royal families of Europe and beyond. If we class Charlotte as black, then ergo Queen Victoria and our entire royal family, [down] to Prince Harry, are also black . a very interesting concept."
That said, Williams and many other historians are very sceptical about Valdes's theory. They argue the generational distance between Charlotte and her presumed African forebear is so great as to make the suggestion ridiculous. Furthermore, they say even the evidence that Madragana was black is thin.
But Valdes suggests that the way Queen Charlotte is depicted in Ramsay's 1762 portrait - which US artist Ken Aptekar is now using as the starting point for a new art project called Charlotte's Charlotte - supports the view she had African ancestors.
Valdes writes: "Artists of that period were expected to play down, soften or even obliterate undesirable features in a subject's face. [But] Sir Allan Ramsay was the artist responsible for the majority of the paintings of the queen, and his representations of her were the most decidedly African of all her portraits."
Valdes's suggestion is that Ramsay was an anti-slavery campaigner who would not have suppressed any "African characteristics" but perhaps might have stressed them for political reasons. "I can't see it to be honest," says Shawe-Taylor. "We've got a version of the same portrait. I look at it pretty often and it's never occurred to me that she's got African features of any kind. It sounds like the ancestry is there and it's not impossible it was reflected in her features, but I can't see it."
Is it possible that other portraitists of Queen Charlotte might have soft-pedalled her African features? "That makes much more sense. It's quite possible. The thing about Ramsay is that, unlike Reynolds and Gainsborough, who were quite imprecise in their portraits, he was a very accurate depicter of his subjects, so that if she looked slightly more African in his portraits than others, that might be because she was more well depicted. How can you tell? She's dead!"
Shawe-Taylor says that a more instructive source of images of Queen Charlotte might well be the many caricatures of her held at the British Museum. "None of them shows her as African, and you'd suspect they would if she was visibly of African descent. You'd expect they would have a field day if she was."
In fact, Charlotte may not have been our first black queen: there is another theory that suggests that Philippa of Hainault (1314-69), consort of Edward III and a woman who may have had African ancestry, holds that title.
As for Valdes, he turns out to be an independent historian of the African diaspora who has argued that Peter Ustinov, Heather Locklear, the Medicis, and the Vanderbilts have African ancestry. His theory about Charlotte even pops up on www.100greatblackbritons.com, where she appears alongside Mary Seacole, Shirley Bassey, Sir Trevor McDonald, Zadie Smith, Naomi Campbell and Baronness Scotland as one of our great Britons. Despite being thus feted, Charlotte has not yet had much attention, say, during the annual Black History week in Britain.
Perhaps she should get more. The suggestion that Queen Charlotte was black implies that her granddaughter (Queen Victoria) and her great-great-great-great-granddaughter (Queen Elizabeth II) had African forebears. Perhaps, instead of just being a boring bunch of semi-inbred white stiffs, our royal family becomes much more interesting. Maybe - and this is just a theory - the Windsors would do well to claim their African heritage: it might be a PR coup, one that would strengthen the bonds of our queen's beloved Commonwealth.
Or would our royal family be threatened if it were shown they had African forebears? "I don't think so at all. There would be no shame attached to it all," says the royal historian Hugo Vickers. "The theory does not impress me, but even if it were true, the whole thing would have been so diluted by this stage that it couldn't matter less to our royal family. It certainly wouldn't show that they are significantly black."
What's fascinating about Aptekar's project is that he started by conducting focus group meetings with people from Charlotte to find out what the Queen and her portrait meant to citizens of the US city. "I took my cues from the passionate responses of individuals whom I asked to help me understand what Queen Charlotte represents to them."
The resulting suite of paintings is a series of riffs on that Ramsay portrait of Charlotte. In one, a reworked portion of the portrait shows the queen's face overlaid with the words "Black White Other". Another Aptekar canvas features an even tighter close up, in which the queen's face is overlaid with the words "Oh Yeah She Is".
Among those who attended Aptekar's focus groups is congressman Mel Watt, one of very few African-Americans in the House of Representatives and who represents the 12th district of North Carolina which includes Charlotte. "In private conversations, African-Americans have always acknowledged and found a sense of pride in this 'secret'," says Watt. "It's great that this discussion can now come out of the closet into the public places of Charlotte, so we all can acknowledge and celebrate it."
What about the idea that she was an immigrant - a German teenager who had to make a new life in England in the late 18th century?
"We were a lot more immigrant-friendly in those days than we were friendly to people of colour," says Watt. "We all recognised that we all came from some place else. But there was always a sense of denial, even ostracism, about being black. Putting the history on top of the table should make for opportunities for provocative, healing conversations."
Does Valdes's theory conclusively determine that Queen Charlotte had African forebears? Hardly. And if she had African forebears, would that mean we could readily infer she was black? That, surely, depends on how we define what it is to be black. In the US, there was for many decades a much-derided "one-drop rule", whereby any white-looking person with any percentage of "black blood" was not regarded as being really white. Although now just a historical curio, it was controversially invoked recently by the African-American lawyer Alton Maddox Jr, who argued that under the one-drop rule, Barack Obama wouldn't be the first black president.
In an era of mixed-race celebrities such as Tiger Woods and Mariah Carey, and at a time when in the US, the UK and any other racially diverse countries mixed-raced relationships are common, this rule seems absurd. But without such a rule, how do we determine Charlotte's ethnicity? If she is black, aren't we all?
It's striking that on US and UK census forms, respondents are asked to choose their own race by ticking the box with which they most closely identify (though there can be problems with this: some people in Cornwall are angry that the 2011 census form will not allow them to self-define as Cornish because only 37,000 ticked that box in the 2001 census and that figure has been deemed too small to constitute a separate ethnic group). We will never know which box Queen Charlotte would have ticked, though we can take a good guess. But maybe that isn't the most important issue, anyway.
For congressman Watt's wife Eulada, along with some other African-Americans in Charlotte, the most important issue is what the possibility that Queen Charlotte was black may mean for people in the city now. "I believe African-American Charlotteans have always been proud of Queen Charlotte's heritage and acknowledge it with a smile and a wink," she says. "Many of us are now enjoying a bit of 'I told you so', now that the story is out."
But isn't her heritage too sketchy to be used to heal old wounds? "Hopefully, the sketchiness will inspire others to further research and documentation of our rich history. Knowing more about an old dead queen can play a part in reconciliation."
And if an old dead queen can help improve racial trust in an American city, perhaps she could do something similar over here. Whether she will, though, is much less certain.
George Ramsay, 9th Earl of DalhousieDuring his tenure Dalhousie founded Dalhousie College and the Québec Literary and Historical Society (courtesy Metropolitan Toronto Reference Library/T31639).
Dalhousie, George Ramsay, 9th Earl of
George Ramsay Dalhousie, 9th Earl of, soldier, administrator, governor-in-chief of British North America 1820-28 (b 23 Oct 1770 d at Dalhousie Castle, Scot 21 Mar 1838). He joined the British army in 1788 and saw service in both Spain and France 1812-14. After fighting at the Battle of Waterloo 1815, he began a career in administration. In 1816 he was appointed lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia and, after the sudden death of the duke of RICHMOND, became governor-in-chief of Canada 1820.
Known for his authoritarian views, Dalhousie clashed with the French Canadian majority led by Louis-Joseph PAPINEAU. He was recalled in 1828, and a British parliamentary committee was formed to deal with the Canadian situation. During his tenure he founded Dalhousie College (later DALHOUSIE UNIVERSITY) in 1818 and the Quebec Literary and Historical Society. After leaving Canada, he was appointed commander in chief of the forces in India (1829-32).
George Edward Oakes RamsayGeorge Edward Oakes Ramsay (1839-1885) in the bottom row, the second person from the left, as the sea captain and teacher in a frayed reproduction.
George Edward Oakes Ramsay was an adventurous Englishman who contributed immensely to the early development of Mitsubishi. Born in London in 1839, Ramsay went to sea at the age of 17 as an apprentice seaman. By 1859, he wascommanding a British naval vessel in the Indian Ocean. Ramsay served with distinction in naval operations in India and China. When Britain disbanded its Indian fleet in 1861, he became the captain of a merchant ship that sailed Indian coastal routes. He subsequently joined the Peninsular and Oriental Steamship Co.
Ramsay came to Japan in 1875 as a master mariner aboard the Sumida-maru, which Mitsubishi had purchased from British owners. He served as captain on a series of Mitsubishi vessels. Shortly after the establishment of the Mitsubishi Nautical School (now Tokyo University of Mercantile Marine) in 1876, Ramsay joined the faculty there. He was such an excellent instructor that the university honors his memory with a 2.5-meter stone monument that stands near the entrance to the campus.This monument to George E.O. Ramsay stands amid a quiet clump of trees just inside the main gate to Tokyo University of Mercantile Marine. The Ramsays rest together in a shady corner of Yokohama's historic Cemetery for Foreigners.
Fighting was not the only talent of this family. Andrew Ramsay, better known as the Chevalier de Ramsay, left Scotland for France in 1708. His academic excellence was soon recognized, and he became mentor to the Prince de Turenne. The King of France appointed him a Knight of the Order of Saint Lazarus, and for a time he was tutor to both the Jacobite princes, Charles Edward Stuart and Henry Benedict Stuart.
Allan Ramsay, the great 18th century poet, and his son, the distinguished portrait painter, were descended from the Clan Lairds of Cockpen, cadets of the chiefly house.
Raymond Ramsay is a well-known 20th-century historian. Raymond was born in Manitoba and he is author of some books and articles about great Norman explorers of America. Raymond Ramsay wrote about Vinland and Norumbega etc.
In 1972, Dalhousie Castle was converted to a hotel, and the clan seat became Brechin Castle in Angus.
The current chief of Clan Ramsay is James Ramsay, 17th Earl of Dalhousie.
George Ramsay Cook
George Ramsay Cook, historian (born 28 November 1931 in Alameda, Saskatchewan died 14 July 2016 in Toronto, Ontario). Educated at the UNIVERSITY OF MANITOBA (BA), QUEEN'S UNIVERSITY (MA) and the UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO (U of T) (PhD), Ramsay Cook taught history first at U of T and later at YORK UNIVERSITY until his retirement in 1996. One of Canada's best-known historians, Cook has written widely in the area of political and social history including such works as John W. Dafoe and the Free Press (1963), Canada and the French Canadian Question (1966), The Maple Leaf Forever (1971), The Regenerators (1985), and Canada, Quebec and the Uses of Nationalism (1986).
Concern for the nature of Canadian NATIONALISM dominates many of Cook's writings and is expressed in 2 major themes. The first is the importance of ideas in the shaping of the national identity, including the force of historical understanding. The second is the necessity of mutual understanding between French and English in Canada. Cook's writings have done much to contribute to English Canada's understanding of the complexities of Québec thought. He has also published work on Canada's intellectual and artistic life, and exploration and European contact with First Nations. Cook's nationalism led him to begin a project to resurrect the DICTIONARY OF CANADIAN BIOGRAPHY in 1989, and he currently serves as its general editor. His past political involvement has included publicly supporting Pierre TRUDEAU's bid for the LIBERAL PARTY leadership in 1968.
Cook has received numerous awards for his contribution to the study of Canadian history. In 1985 he received the GOVERNOR GENERAL'S AWARD for non-fiction, in 1997 York University established the Ramsay Cook Research Scholarship in his honour, and in 2005 he received the CANADA COUNCIL for the Arts MOLSON PRIZE in Social Sciences and Humanities. He is an Officer of the ORDER OF CANADA.
End of the Stone Age: George Ramsay
Lewis and Clark National Historical Park, Fort Clatsop announces the next virtual “In Their Footsteps” guest speaker series event. Aaron Webster will present “End of the Stone Age: George Ramsay” on our youtube page at 1:00 p.m. Pacific time, Sunday, January 17.
This monthly Sunday on-line event is made possible by the Lewis & Clark National Park Association (LCNPA), the park’s non-profit partner. Since 1963, the LCNPA has supported education, interpretation, research, and community involvement. Purchases at the LCNPA’s Fort Clatsop Bookstore support programs such as “In Their Footsteps.” For more LCNPA information, visit their website.
Cape Disappointment State Park Ranger Aaron Webster has worked at the Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center for 18 years. He has a passion for using storytelling to illuminate the lesser-known history of our region. His presentation tells the story of George Ramsay, a Native American who lived near the mouth of the Columbia River during the time of Lewis and Clark. Ramsay may have been the son of a European sailor in the late 1700s, and by some accounts lived long enough to meet the Wilkes Expedition in 1841. His story illustrates the idea that the fur trade era was terrible and tragic when viewed from the perspective of the local tribes.
George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie Passes Away
Today in Masonic History George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie passes away in 1838.
George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie was a Scottish soldier and colonial administrator.
Ramsay was born on October 23rd, 1770 at Dalhousie Castle, Midlothian, Scotland. He was educated at the Royal High School in Edinburgh. He also attended the University of Edinburgh. At the age of 17 his father passed away. The following year he joined the British Army.
After joining the British Army he served in a variety of units. His first unit was the 3rd Dragoons. He was later appointed captain of an independent unit which he had raised. He then went on to the second batallion of the 1st Foot. In 1792 he purchased the rank of major in the 2nd Foot. With that unit he travelled to Martinque as it's commander. He was severly wounded in 1795, by then a lieutenant-colonel, and returned to England to convelese. In 1798 he served during the Irish Rebellion. He was promoted to the rank of brevet colonel during the Egyptian campaign. He captured Rosetta without a fight and took over nearby Fort Julien in 1801.
During the later stages of the Peninsular War, Ramsay, now a brigadier-general, served under the Duke of Wellington. Wellington was often critical of Ramsay's performance. One occasion in particular was during the retreat from Burgos. Ramsay as well as two other commanders were ordered to retreat down a specific road. Ramsay and the others decided that the road was too long and wet and chose another road. When they came to a bridge that was blocked they stopped, which is where Wellington found them, waiting.
Of the incident Wellington would say in reference to Ramsay, as well as others, "it is impossible to prevent incapable men from being sent to the army." Despite Wellington's opinion of his service, Ramsay was voted the thanks of Parliament for his service.
In 1815, Ramsay was created Baron Dalhousie. This gave him a peerage and allowed him to sit in the House of Lords by right, previously he sat as a Scottish representative peer.
From 1816 to 1820, Ramsay was Governor of Nova Scotia. From 1820 to 1828 he was Governor General of British North America. Later he was commander-in-chief of India.
Ramsay passed away on March 21st, 1838.
Ramsay was the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Scotland from 1804 to 1806.