History Podcasts

Laub I DD- 263 - History

Laub I DD- 263 - History

Laub I
(DD-263 dp. 1,190; 1. 314'6"; b. 31'8"; dr. 9'3"; s.
35 k.; cpl. 120; a. 4 4", 2 3", 4 21" tt.; cl. Clemson)

The first Laub (DD-263) was laid down by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp., Squantum, Mass., 20 April 1918 launched 28 August 1918; sponsored by Miss Marjorie Mohun, a collateral descendent of Henry Laub; and commissioned 17 March 1919, Comdr. W. F. Amsden in command.

Assigned to the Atlantic destroyer force out of Newport, R.I., Laub was dispatched 2 to 17 May 1919 to take up position off Newfoundland as plane guard and navigational aid during the NC-4 transatlantic flight The destroyer continued exercises off the east coast until 30 June when she sailed for European service. Arriving Brest 17 July, Laub operated with the fleet off western Europe until she sailed late in August for duty in the eastern Mediterranean. Upon arrival at Constantinople 2 September, Laub operated with the Food Commission, bringing relief to war-stricken Europe. She sailed for America on the 17th, arriving New York 4 October. Her stay on the east coast was a brief one as she sailed 2 weeks later to join the Pacific Fleet, arriving San Diego 27 November.

From December 1919 until she decommissioned 15 June 1922, Laub performed torpedo experiments and reserve training cruises along the Pacific coast.

Laub recommissioned 18 December 1939, Comdr. B. Chippendale in command After shakedown out of San Diego, the destroyer arrived Guantanamo 7 April 1940 to join the Caribbean neutrality patrol. Following 2 months' duty out of Guantanamo, she sailed to Galveston for patrol operations in the Gulf of Mexico. Following 4 months of operations in the gulf and along the Atlantic coast, Laub arrived Halifax, Nova Scotia, 5 September. She decommissioned there 8 October and was transferred to Great Britain the following day as part of the destrover-bases agreement. During World war II she served in the Royal Navy protecting Allied shipping in thc North Atlantic under the name Burwell.


History

Laub was laid down by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum, Massachusetts, 20 April 1918 launched 28 August 1918 sponsored by Miss Marjorie Mohan, a collateral descendant of Henry Laub and commissioned 17 March 1919, Commander W. F. Amsden in command.

Assigned to the Atlantic destroyer force out of Newport, Rhode Island, Laub was dispatched 2 May to 17 May 1919 to take up position off Newfoundland as plane guard, and navigational aid during the NC-4 transatlantic flight. The destroyer continued exercises off the east coast until 30 June when she sailed for European service. Arriving Brest 17 July, Laub operated with the fleet off Western Europe until she sailed late in August for duty in the eastern Mediterranean. Upon arrival at Constantinople 2 September, Laub operated with the Food Commission, bringing relief to Europe. She sailed for America on the 17th, arriving New York 4 October. Her stay on the east coast was a brief one as she sailed 2 weeks later to join the Pacific Fleet, arriving San Diego, California 27 November.

From December 1919 until she decommissioned 15 June 1922, Laub performed torpedo experiments and reserve training cruises along the Pacific coast.

Laub recommissioned 18 December 1939, Cmdr. B. W. Chippendale in command. After shakedown out of San Diego, the destroyer arrived Guantanamo 7 April 1940 to join the Caribbean Neutrality patrol. Following 2 months’ duty out of Guantanamo, she sailed to Galveston, Texas for patrol operations in the Gulf of Mexico. Following 4 months of operations in the gulf and along the Atlantic coast, Laub arrived at Halifax, Nova Scotia, 5 September. She decommissioned there 8 October 1940.

Laub was transferred to Great Britain the following day as part of the destroyer-bases agreement. During World War II she served in the Royal Navy protecting Allied shipping in the North Atlantic under the name HMS Burwell. Burwell was modified for trade convoy escort service by removal of three of the original 4"/50 caliber guns and one of the triple torpedo tube mounts to reduce topside weight for additional depth charge stowage and installation of Hedgehog. [ 1 ]


Mục lục

Laub được đặt lườn vào ngày 20 tháng 4 năm 1918 tại xưởng tàu Squantum Victory Yard của hãng Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation ở Squantum, Massachusetts. Nó được hạ thủy vào ngày 28 tháng 8 năm 1918, được đỡ đầu bởi cô Marjorie Mohan, một hậu duệ của Henry Laub và được đưa ra hoạt động vào ngày 17 tháng 3 năm 1919 dưới quyền chỉ huy của Hạm trưởng, Trung tá Hải quân W. F. Amsden.

USS Laub Sửa đổi

Được phân về Lực lượng Khu trục trực thuộc Hạm đội Đại Tây Dương đặt căn cứ tại Newport, Rhode Island, Laub được cho tách ra vào ngày 17 tháng 5 năm 1919 để chiếm lấy vị trí ngoài khơi Newfoundland, và phục vụ như cột mốc dẫn đường cho chuyến bay vượt Đại Tây Dương đầu tiên đầu tiên của thủy phi cơ NC-4. Nó tiếp tục hoạt động thực tập dọc theo bờ Đông cho đến ngày 30 tháng 6, khi nó lên đường đi sang vùng biển Châu Âu. Đi đến Brest, Pháp vào ngày 17 tháng 7, nó hoạt động cùng hạm đội tại vùng biển Tây Âu cho đến khi nó lại lên đường vào cuối tháng 8 để nhận nhiệm vụ tại khu vực Đông Địa Trung Hải. Sau khi đi đến Constantinople vào ngày 2 tháng 9, nó hoạt động cùng Ủy ban Thực phẩm, chuyển tiếp hành cứu trợ cho người tị nạn.

Nó lên đường quay trở về Hoa Kỳ vào ngày 17 tháng 9, về đến New York vào ngày 4 tháng 10 nhưng nó chỉ lưu lại vùng bờ Đông một thời gian ngắn trước khi lại lên đường hai tuần sau đó để gia nhập Hạm đội Thái Bình Dương, đi đến San Diego, California vào ngày 27 tháng 11. Từ tháng 12 năm 1919 cho đến khi nó được xuất biên chế vào ngày 15 tháng 6 năm 1922, Laub tiến hành các cuộc thực tập ngư lôi cùng các chuyến đi huấn luyện nhân sự Hải quân Dự bị dọc theo bờ biển Thái Bình Dương.

Laub được cho nhập biên chế trở lại vào ngày 18 tháng 12 năm 1939 dưới quyền chỉ huy của Trung tá Hải quân B. W. Chippendale. Sau khi hoàn tất chạy thử máy tại San Diego, nó đi đến vịnh Guantánamo, Cuba vào ngày 7 tháng 4 năm 1940 để tham gia nhiệm vụ Tuần tra Trung lập tại vùng biển Caribe. Sau khi làm nhiệm vụ này trong hai tháng, nó lên đường đi Galveston, Texas cho các hoạt động tuần tra trong vịnh Mexico và dọc theo bờ biển Đại Tây Dương. Nó đi đến Halifax, Nova Scotia vào ngày 5 tháng 9 và được cho xuất biên chế tại đây vào ngày 8 tháng 10 năm 1940.

HMS Burwell Sửa đổi

Laub được chuyển cho Anh Quốc vào ngày hôm sau trong khuôn khổ Thỏa thuận đổi tàu khu trục lấy căn cứ. Trong Chiến tranh Thế giới thứ hai, dưới tên gọi HMS Burwell, nó phục vụ cùng Hải quân Hoàng gia Anh trong nhiệm vụ bảo vệ tàu bè Đồng Minh tại Bắc Đại Tây Dương. Burwell được cải biến để tối ưu cho nhiệm vụ hộ tống tàu buôn bằng cách tháo dỡ ba trong số các khẩu pháo hải pháo 4 inch/50 caliber ban đầu và một dàn ống phóng ngư lôi ba nòng để giảm bớt trọng lượng nặng bên trên, lấy chỗ chứa thêm mìn sâu và trang bị một dàn súng cối chống tàu ngầm Hedgehog. [2]

Một sự kiện đáng kể của nó trong quãng đời phục vụ cùng Hải quân Hoàng gia là tham gia vào việc chiếm giữ tàu ngầm U-boat Đức U-570 vào tháng 8 năm 1941.


Laub I DD- 263 - History

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20. april

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To je velikanski spletni mentalni zemljevid, ki služi kot osnova za koncept diagramov. To je prost za uporabo in vsak članek ali dokument, ki se lahko prenese. To je orodje, vir ali predlog za študije, raziskave, izobraževanje, učenje in poučevanje, ki jih učitelji, vzgojitelji, dijaki ali študenti lahko uporablja Za akademskega sveta: za šolo, primarno, sekundarno, gimnazije, srednje tehnične stopnje, šole, univerze, dodiplomski, magistrski ali doktorski stopinj za papir, poročil, projektov, idej, dokumentacije, raziskav, povzetkov, ali teze. Tu je definicija, razlaga, opis ali pomen vsakega pomembno, na kateri želite informacije in seznam njihovih povezanih konceptov kot pojmovnika. Na voljo v Slovenski, Angleščina, Španski, Portugalski, Japonski, Kitajski, Francosko, Nemški, Italijansko, Poljski, Nizozemski, Rusko, Arabsko, Hindi, Švedski, Ukrajinski, Madžarski, Katalonščina, Češka, Hebrejščina, Danski, Finski, Indonezijski, Norveški, Romunščina, Turški, Vietnamščina, Korejščina, Thai, Grški, Bolgarski, Hrvaški, Slovak, Litvanski, Filipino, Latvijski in Estonski Več jezikov kmalu.

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Markings

Apart from logos, the Griswold iron cast pans and cooking items changed markings over time. Many experts and collectors agreed that they were not essential as they were part of the factory’s molds. They were not connected with the quality or uniqueness of the products.

Marks represented information about manufacturing. Thanks to them, you can determine how many items were made by the same worker, the number of molds, and the makings of different pots.

For example, AS was the mark for All-Star Pan, CF for Chicken Fryer, CK for Country Kettle, SK for Skillet, SP for Sauce Pan or Stew Pan, and so on.


Chronic Lymphocytic Thyroiditis

Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (Hashimoto's thyroiditis) is the most common inflammatory condition of the thyroid gland and the most common cause of goiter in the United States.1 , 2 It is an autoimmune condition characterized by high titers of circulating antibodies to thyroid peroxidase and thyroglobulin.3

EPIDEMIOLOGY

Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis is the most common cause of hypothyroidism in the United States, and euthyroid persons with Hashimoto's disease develop hypothyroidism at a rate of approximately 5 percent per year.4 Up to 95 percent of cases of chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis occur in women, usually between 30 and 50 years of age.5 Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis is also the most common cause of sporadic goiter in children.5 , 6 The incidence of Hashimoto's disease has risen exponentially over the past 50 years, and this increase may be related to an increased iodine content in the North American diet.6

A genetic predisposition to thyroid auto-immunity exists it is inherited as a dominant trait.7 Hashimoto's disease has been linked to other autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, pernicious anemia, diabetes mellitus and Sjögren's syndrome.5 A rare but serious complication of chronic autoimmune thyroiditis is thyroid lymphoma.7 These lymphomas, generally the B-cell, non-Hodgkin's type, tend to occur in women 50 to 80 years of age and are usually limited to the thyroid gland.7

CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS

Although Hashimoto's thyroiditis is usually asymptomatic, some patients may complain of a feeling of tightness or fullness in the neck however, neck pain and tenderness are rare6 , 7 ( Figure 1 ) . At the time of diagnosis, symptoms of hypothyroidism are present in 20 percent of patients.6 Physical examination generally reveals a firm, irregular, nontender goiter.7 The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and white blood cell count are normal. The definitive indicator of chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis is the presence of thyroid-specific autoantibodies in the serum. The three main targets for thyroid antibodies are thyroglobulin (a protein carrier for thyroid hormones), thyroid microsomal antigen (also called thyroid peroxidase) and the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor.7 Low levels of circulating antibodies are common in other thyroid diseases, such as multinodular goiter and thyroid malignancy. Antithyroid microsomal antibodies in titers greater than 1:6,400 or antithyroid peroxidase antibodies in excess of 200 IU per mL, however, are strongly suggestive of chronic autoimmune thyroiditis.7 Testing of thyroid autoantibodies and measurement of serum thyroglobulin levels will confirm the diagnosis.7 Radioactive iodine uptake (RAIU) is variable and can be depressed, normal or increased, depending on the extent of follicular destruction ( Figures 2a , 2b and 2c ) . Patchy uptake is common, providing little diagnostically useful information.7 Ultrasonography shows an enlarged gland with a diffusely hypoechogenic pattern in most patients.7 RAIU and thyroid ultrasonography are not necessary parts of the work-up for this disease. A dominant nodule in a patient with Hashimoto's disease should prompt a fine-needle aspiration biopsy to exclude malignancy.7

Differentiating Thyroiditis

Clinical differentiation of the subtypes of thyroiditis. (RAIU = radioactive iodine uptake)


Your test results: A preview

Your test results will show your cholesterol levels in milligrams per deciliter of blood (mg/dL). Your total cholesterol and HDL (good) cholesterol are among numerous factors your doctor can use to predict your lifetime or 10-year risk for a heart attack or stroke. Your doctor will also consider other risk factors, such as age, family history, smoking status, diabetes and high blood pressure.

Lipid profile or lipid panel is a blood test that will give you results for your HDL (good) cholesterol, LDL (bad) cholesterol, triglycerides and total blood (or serum) cholesterol.

HDL (good) cholesterol

HDL cholesterol is called &ldquogood&rdquo cholesterol. A healthy HDL-cholesterol level may protect against heart attack and stroke. Your doctor will evaluate your HDL and other cholesterol levels and other factors to assess your risk for heart attack or stroke.

People with high blood triglycerides usually also have lower levels of HDL. Genetic factors, Type 2 diabetes, smoking, being overweight and being sedentary can all lower HDL cholesterol. Women tend to have higher levels of HDL cholesterol than men do, but this can change after menopause.

LDL (bad) cholesterol

Since LDL is the bad kind of cholesterol, a low LDL level is considered good for your heart health.

LDL levels are one factor among many to consider when evaluating cardiovascular risk. Talk to your doctor about your LDL cholesterol level as well as other factors that impact your cardiovascular health.

A diet high in saturated and trans fat is unhealthy because it tends to raise LDL cholesterol levels.

Triglycerides

Triglycerides are the most common type of fat in your body. They come from food, and your body also makes them.

Normal triglyceride levels vary by age and sex. People with high triglycerides often have a high total cholesterol level, including a high LDL (bad) cholesterol level and a low HDL (good) cholesterol level. Many people with metabolic syndrome or diabetes also have high triglyceride levels.

Factors that can contribute to elevated triglyceride levels:

  • Overweight or obesity
  • Insulin resistance or metabolic syndrome
  • Diabetes mellitus, especially with poor glucose control
  • Alcohol consumption, especially in excess
  • Excess sugar intake, especially from processed foods
  • High saturated fat intake
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Physical inactivity
  • Pregnancy (especially in the third trimester)
  • Inflammatory diseases (such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus

Some medications may also increase triglycerides.

Total blood (or serum) cholesterol

This part of your test results is a composite of different measurements. Your total blood cholesterol is calculated by adding your HDL and LDL cholesterol levels, plus 20% of your triglyceride level.

&ldquoNormal ranges&rdquo are less important than your overall cardiovascular risk. Like HDL and LDL cholesterol levels, your total blood cholesterol level should be considered in context with your other known risk factors.

Your doctor can recommend treatment approaches accordingly.

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Written by American Heart Association editorial staff and reviewed by science and medicine advisers. See our editorial policies and staff.


Where Did the First Americans Come From?

According to archaeological and genetic evidence, the first Americans came from northeast Asia. Up to 28,000 years ago, a small distinct population of humans crossed the Bering Strait land bridge to populate the northwestern section of North America. The population eventually moved south and east from there.

Geneticists have identified a small group of approximately 1,000 people who split off from other Asian groups between 30,000 and 23,000 years ago. These people, according to a mix of archaeological and biological evidence, were the ancestors of today's Native Americans.

While the Asian answer appears to be correct for now, it does not account for several anomalies uncovered by archaeologists. For example, Kennewick Man and other skulls discovered in North America and dating back 10,000 years or more have distinctly European features, appearing very different from early Native American remains. One controversial hypothesis is that Solutreans, an upper Paleolithic culture from Europe, may have traveled across northern pack ice or even sailed from Europe to the eastern coast of North America at about the same time Asians traveled to the western coast. A more accepted hypothesis is that the changes in Kennewick Man and others are forms of environmental evolution caused primarily by the transition from hunting to farming lifestyles.


Bulk Driving Records

Order 3-year, 7-Year or Complete driving records in bulk and get a discount.

Get your Driving Record via Mail

Another option is to order your driving history from the Florida DMV by mail by submitting a written request as follows:

Please submit your written request with the individual's full name, birth date, social security number, Florida Drivers License Number, and an address to send the record to:

Bureau of Records
2900 Apalachee Parkway, MS 90 Tallahassee, Florida 32314-5775

Allow 30 days to receive your driving records via mail.

The cost for Driving Records from the state are:

  • $8 for 3 - year driving record
  • $10 for 7 - year driving record
  • $10 for 3 year or 7-year certified

You can pay by personal check or money order made payable to the Division of Driver Licenses.

Correcting Errors on Your Drivers License Record

If you feel there is an error on your Florida drivers license record contact the DMV customer service center at (850) 922-9000.


Watch the video: Brief History Of ID (January 2022).