History Podcasts

Dacia Timeline

Dacia Timeline

  • 106 BCE

    The governor of the Roman province of Macedonia, M. Minucius Rufus, celebrates his victory over a raid of the Dacians allied with the Celtic tribe of the Scordiscii in the Balkans.

  • c. 70 BCE - 44 BCE

    The reign of Burebistas, styled in a Greek inscription as "the first and the greatest king". He attacked and destroyed the Celtic tribes on the central Danube, and the Greek cities on the western coast Black Sea became his allies and clients.

  • c. 60 BCE

    Boii in eastern Europe crushed by the Dacians.

  • 49 BCE - 48 BCE

    Burebistas sends Acornion of Dionysopolis as ambassador to negotiate an alliance with Pompey.

  • 44 BCE

    Burebistas is killed in the same year as his enemy Julius Caesar.

  • 85 CE - 86 CE

    Dacians invade Moesia and defeat the Romans.

  • 86 CE

    The Roman general Cornelius Fuscus invades Dacia. He is ambushed and his army is annihilated.

  • 87 CE - 106 CE

    Reign of the last Dacian king, Decebalus.

  • 88 CE

    Resolved to avenge Fuscus' defeat, Domitian sends another army to Dacia under Tettius Iulianus. This general is victorious on the mountainous pass of Tapae, in the south-west of modern Romania.

  • 101 CE - 106 CE

    Trajan conquers Dacia.


Name [ edit | edit source ]

The Dacians were known as Geta (plural Getae) in Ancient Greek compositions, and as Dacus (plural Daci) or Getae in Roman records, additionally as Dagae and Gaete as portrayed on the late Roman map Tabula Peutingeriana. It was Herodotus who initially utilized the ethnonym Getae as a part of his Histories. In Greek and Latin, in the compositions of Julius Caesar, Strabo, and Pliny the Elder, the general population got to be known as 'the Dacians'. Getae and Dacians were tradable terms, or utilized with some disarray by the Greeks. Latin artists regularly utilized the name Getae. Virgilius called them Getae four times, and Daci once, Lucian Getae three times and Daci twice, Horace named them Getae twice and Daci five times, while Juvenal one time Getae and two times Daci. In AD 113, Hadrian utilized the wonderful term Getae for the Dacians. Cutting edge students of history like to utilize the name Geto-Dacians. Strabo portrays the Getae and Dacians as particular yet related tribes, additionally expresses that they talked the same dialect. This refinement alludes to the areas they involved. Strabo and Pliny the Elder likewise express that Getae and Dacians talked the same dialect.


Rome Abandons Dacia, 270 AD –

In Dacia 106 AD, Dacia became a territory of the Roman Empire, and it included Transylvania’s eastern and south-eastern areas, as well as Oltenia and the Banat. When the Roman Empire claimed Dacia as one of its provinces, it was established to become its imperial province. According to historical research, about 650,000 to over a million people lived in Dacia before it was abandoned by Rome in 270 AD (where it is located on the Bible Timeline).

Threats to Dacia’s Security

A period in history called the 3rd Century Crises occurred between 235 and 270 AD, which was also the last phase of the Roman Empire’s hold in Dacia. This stage was a chaotic period in the imperial province as it was frequently under attack by the barbarians. In addition to the security threats by these strong forces, internal anarchy existed in Dacia, which contributed to its devastating downfall. Much of the challenges that Dacia faced came from the East, beginning with the Carps, which was a group of people that settled on the Moldavia. Eventually, the German Goths became a major threat to Dacia’s security, peace and order. Fortunately, Emperor Philip the Arabian was able to prevent the Carps from invading the province during the battle that occurred in 245 to 247. However, the years after that victorious fight, Dacia was left to encounter another difficult problem.

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Dacia’s Worsening Condition

By 260 AD, the incessant attacks of the barbarians caused serious threats to Dacia’s progress. To make things even more difficult, the province experienced problems in terms of monetary circulation as there were fewer penetrations of new coins from the Empire’s capital.

It was also during this period when Emperor Gallienus decided to relocate a number of Dacian legions to Pannonia, specifically in Poetovio. His purpose was to use these soldiers as the upper echelon troops in the Roman’s exercise army.

In 270 AD, the Roman Empire was restored when the state of Zenobia and Empire of the Gauls were reclaimed. All of these accomplishments were credited to the efforts of Aurelian, who was a notable Roman general. Since his main goal was to unify and form a stronger Roman state, he exhausted all of his efforts and made use of all his military forces. Thus, he had no choice left but to abandon Dacia, which was then situated on Danube’s northern shore. It was also in this province that there were significant garrisons by the Roman Empire.

In 271 AD, Aurelian assembled his remaining troops in Dacia, and they were intended to support the defensive line in the Danube. He also formed a new territory that is now a portion of Serbia, and this province was given the name “Dacia”, which was similar to the other province that was abandoned by the Romans.

Although Dacia was abandoned by Rome, that did not end the Roman Empire’s relationship with its other territories from Lower Danube’s northern shore. In fact, the empire still managed a strong military presence to the Danube, along with other areas in that territory including Barbosi, Sucidava, Drobeta and Dierna.


DACA timeline: The rise and resilience of the ‘Dreamers’ program

Here are key developments that led to the Supreme Court case that will decide whether President Trump was justified in seeking to end the Obama-era program known as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals.

June 2012 — Janet Napolitano, the secretary of Homeland Security under President Obama, issued a three-page memo announcing a policy of “exercising prosecutorial discretion with respect to individuals who came to the United States as children.” In most instances, “these individuals lacked the intent to violate the law” when they entered the country illegally, she said.

Under the new program, Homeland Security said it would “defer” deportation action against qualified individuals “for a period of two years, subject to renewal.” During that time, individuals would be permitted to work legally.

To qualify, the individuals had to: have come to the United States under age 16 not be above the age of 30 have “continuously resided” in the U.S. for at least five years be in school or had graduated, or had served in military have not been convicted of a “felony offense or significant misdemeanor.” More than 700,000 young people came forward, passed a background check and qualified for relief from deportation under the program.

November 2014 — Jeh Johnson, President Obama’s secretary of Homeland Security in his second term, announced a significant expansion of “deferred action” that would extend relief to as many as 4 million parents of U.S. citizens or permanent residents.

“The reality is that most individuals” who would qualify for relief “are hard-working people who have become integrated members of American society,” he said. This became known as Deferred Action for Parents of Americans, or DAPA.

February 2015 — U.S. District Judge Andrew Hanen in Brownsville, Texas, issued a nationwide injunction to prevent the DAPA policy from taking effect. He was acting on a lawsuit brought by lawyers for Texas and 25 other states, all of which had Republican governors. They had alleged the DAPA policy was illegal because Congress had not granted such broad relief.

The 5th Circuit Court by a 2-1 vote affirmed the judge’s order in November, and the Supreme Court did the same based on a 4-4 vote in June 2016. Justice Antonin Scalia had died a few months before, but the tie vote had the effect of affirming the 5th Circuit’s decision.

September 2017 — Elaine Duke, the acting secretary of Homeland Security for President Trump, issued a memo announcing the “rescission of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals.” Though this program had not been challenged before, she cited a letter from then Atty. Gen. Jeff Sessions, who asserted this “open-ended circumvention of immigration laws was an unconstitutional exercise of authority by the Executive Branch.” She also cited the rulings by the 5th Circuit and the Supreme Court.

January 2018 — U.S. District Judge William Alsup in San Francisco issued a nationwide order blocking the Trump administration’s repeal of DACA. He said it was “based on a flawed legal premise” that the Obama-era policy was illegal. The judge acted on lawsuits brought by California and several other Democratic-led states. Judges in New York and Washington, D.C., later handed down similar orders, and the 9th Circuit Court in San Francisco affirmedAlsup’s order in November.

June 2019 — The Supreme Court announced it will hear the Trump administration’s appeal in three consolidated cases, led by the California case known as Department of Homeland Security vs. Regents of the University of California. The court agreed to decide “whether DHS’s decision to wind down DACA is lawful.” The oral arguments were scheduled for Nov. 12, but a decision is not likely until early in 2020.

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Romania and Transylvania Subjected to Rome in 101 AD

Romania has become one of the provinces of the Roman Empire, including Transylvania, Oltenia and the Banat. It was in 101 AD where it is listed on the Bible Timeline Chart with World History when the Romans took control of these territories, and they now form the regions of Romania. At the onset, the main purpose of the Romans was to establish Dacia as its imperial province. With much success, the land was transformed as what was intended for throughout the Romans’ invasion.

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Unique Circular Format – see more in less space.
Learn facts that you can’t learn just from reading the Bible
Attractive design ideal for your home, office, church …

The Romans’ Campaigns to Invade Dacia

Emperor Trajan began the campaign to conquer the Dacian kingdom, which was then ruled by Decebalus. Unfortunately, the Roman Empire failed to gain total control of the old Dacia, and this kingdom was led by the Free Dacians. It remained as such even after some parts of Dacia was subjected to Rome.

As early as the First Century BC, King Burebista has established Dacia as a strong and powerful state. His main goal for completing this was to protect the kingdom from the Romans’ invasion. When King Decebal of Dacia took over the state in 87 to 106 AD, he failed to stop the Romans from conquering the kingdom in 101 AD.

Roman Empire in Dacia

The Romans’ primary intention for invading Dacia was to obtain a greater means of revenue from the kingdom’s rich and thriving gold mine. The land was also abundant in other minerals such as iron, which is used in creating the finest swords. With Rome’s fear of being attacked by Dacia because of the kingdom’s great resources to make powerful weapons, Emperor Trajan began perceiving the state as a threat to Rome’s safety and progress.

Thus, Trajan decided to plan for an attack to invade Dacia. Indeed, he made was able to succeed in his campaigns as his strong army burnt every village and nearly everything in sight as they conquered the kingdom. In 102 AD, King Decebalus was defeated by the mighty Emperor Trajan, which signaled Dacia’s surrender and the conflict between the two nations.

Improvements in Dacia

The Romans proved to Dacia its superior skills by building the world’s largest bridge. It was this same bridge that projected Rome’s abilities, engineering skills and power not only to Dacia, but also to the world. In addition to this fine architecture that Trajan ordered to be built in Dacia, the Emperor helped the kingdom obtain security from potential invaders such as the nomads and barbarians. Dacia received funds from Trajan, and the money was used to re-establish its military forces.

However, Decebalus yearned for vengeance, and he silently plotted ways to have his chance to defeat Trajan. In 105 AD, another invasion was made by Trajan, although this did not prove to be victorious for him, unlike the first battle. Decebalus got what he wanted, and the Romans suffered from terrible casualties that forced them to succumb to a truce.

Still, the battle did not come to an end, and Decebalus continued his campaigns to regain his power and control of the land. In 106 AD, Trajan won the battle and completely surrounded the Capitol until he gained a victory. Instead of being captured and accepting defeat, Decebalus decided to commit suicide.

Eventually, Dacia thrived with the support of the Roman Empire. The battle between Dacia and Rome finally ended, and it resulted in peace and victory for these two nations.


While You Are Ringing In The Summer, Don't Forget To Remember The Importance Of What We Have Off For.

Home of the free because of the brave.

"The American flag does not fly because the wind moves it. It flies from the last breath of each solider who died protecting it."

On this present day in America, we currently have over 1.4 million brave men and women actively listed in the armed forces to protect and serve our country.

Currently there is an increased rate of 2.4 million retiree's from the US military

Approximately, there has been over 3.4 million deaths of soldiers fighting in wars.

Every single year, everyone look's forward to Memorial Day Weekend, a weekend where beaches become overcrowded, people fire up them grills for a fun sunny BBQ, simply an increase of summer activities, as a "pre-game" before summer begins.

Many American's have forgot the true definition of why we have the privilege to celebrate Memorial Day.

In simple terms, Memorial Day is a day to pause, remember, reflect and honor the fallen who died protecting and serving for everything we are free to do today.

Thank you for stepping forward, when most would have stepped backwards.

Thank you for the times you missed with your families, in order to protect mine.

Thank you for involving yourself, knowing that you had to rely on faith and the prayers of others for your own protection.

Thank you for being so selfless, and putting your life on the line to protect others, even though you didn't know them at all.

Thank you for toughing it out, and being a volunteer to represent us.

Thank you for your dedication and diligence.

Without you, we wouldn't have the freedom we are granted now.

I pray you never get handed that folded flag. The flag is folded to represent the original thirteen colonies of the United States. Each fold carries its own meaning. According to the description, some folds symbolize freedom, life, or pay tribute to mothers, fathers, and children of those who serve in the Armed Forces.

As long as you live, continuously pray for those families who get handed that flag as someone just lost a mother, husband, daughter, son, father, wife, or a friend. Every person means something to someone.

Most Americans have never fought in a war. They've never laced up their boots and went into combat. They didn't have to worry about surviving until the next day as gunfire went off around them. Most Americans don't know what that experience is like.

However, some Americans do as they fight for our country every day. We need to thank and remember these Americans because they fight for our country while the rest of us stay safe back home and away from the war zone.

Never take for granted that you are here because someone fought for you to be here and never forget the people who died because they gave that right to you.

So, as you are out celebrating this weekend, drink to those who aren't with us today and don't forget the true definition of why we celebrate Memorial Day every year.

"…And if words cannot repay the debt we owe these men, surely with our actions we must strive to keep faith with them and with the vision that led them to battle and to final sacrifice."


The kingdom to 1526

In 892 the Carolingian emperor, Arnulf, attempting to assert his authority over the Moravian duke Svatopluk, called in the help of the Magyars, whose early homes had been on the upper waters of the Volga and Kama rivers. They were driven, at an uncertain date and by unrecorded causes, southward onto the steppes, where they adopted the life of peripatetic herders. In the 9th century they were based on the lower Don, ranging over the steppes to the west of that river. They then comprised a federation of hordes, or tribes, each under a hereditary chieftain and each composed of a varying number of clans, the members of which shared a real or imagined blood kinship. All clan members were free, but the community included slaves taken in battle or in raids. There were seven Magyar tribes, but other elements were part of the federation, including three tribes of Turkic Khazars (the Kavars). Either because of this fact or perhaps because of a memory of earlier conditions, this federation was known to its neighbours as the On-Ogur (literally “Ten Arrows” or “Ten Tribes”). From the Slavic pronunciation of this term, the name Hungarian is derived, with the initial H added because they were thought by some scholars to be descendants of the Huns.

In 889, attacks by a newly arrived Turkic people called the Pechenegs had driven the Magyars and their confederates to the western extremities of the steppes, where they were living when Arnulf’s invitation arrived. The band sent to Arnulf reported back that the plains across the Carpathian Mountains would form a suitable new homeland that could be easily conquered and defended from the rear. Having elected as their chief Árpád, the leader of their most powerful tribe, the Magyars crossed the Carpathians en masse, probably in the spring of 895, and easily subjugated the peoples of the sparsely inhabited central plain. Prior to the conquest, the Magyars lived under a dual kingship that included a sacred ruler with minimal powers called the kende and a de facto leader called the gyula. At the time of the conquest, Árpád occupied the latter position, and, following the death of the last kende in 904, he united the two positions into the office of a duke or prince.

The Magyars destroyed the Moravian state in 906 and in the next year occupied Pannonia, having defeated a German force sent against them. They were then firmly established in the whole centre of the basin, over which their tribes and their associates distributed themselves. Árpád took the central area west of the Danube for his own tribe, on his way to establishing a dynasty. The periphery was guarded by outposts, which were gradually pushed forward, chiefly to the north and the east.


RENAULT, LA NOUVELLE VAGUE

I appreciate the versatility of E-TECH rechargeable hybrid technology. I'm delighted to discover the comfort and liveliness of electric driving.

French design

Renault design is instantly recognisable its warm and sensual lines both inside and out engage the senses. Through its “French Design” approach, Renault has always challenged the norm and questioned convention to offer innovative concepts that reinvent the rules of the car market.

Making life easier

At Renault, we put every effort into fulfilling our promise of making daily life easier, from new technologies to electric cars to connected car services and customisable applications. We take that promise to heart. Our cars and services are designed to be your companions on the road and to satisfy all your wants and needs.

The rebirth of a cult car

With Renault 5 Prototype, the brand is redefining one of its cult and timeless models, in a modern and 100% electric version.

“The design of the Renault 5 Prototype is based on the R5, cult model of our heritage. This prototype simply embodies modernity, a vehicle relevant to its time: urban, electric, attractive.”

Gilles Vidal, Renault Design Director

Preparing the future

For more than 120 years, Renault has been opening new paths to mobility. Today it is writing a new chapter under the banner of technology, energy and services. With the birth of a new range, and a focus on electrification, hydrogen and data.


Delta 4ࡪ Wants To Treat Your Dacia Duster To An Off-Road Package

From the makers of the wild aftermarket VW Amarok, Germany’s Delta 4ࡪ, comes a new package for the “people’s SUV”, Dacia’s budget-friendly Duster that offers a more robust and eye catching look, while also promising to improve its off-road prowess.

It includes a 30 mm (1.2 in) lift kit combined with an underbody protection made of 5 mm (0.2 in) thick aluminum that keeps the engine and transmission safe from sharp rocks, tree roots and other solid objects.

Improving traction off the road are a set of 215/70R16 BF Goodrich All-Terrain tires and if things get sticky or slippery, then drivers have a winch at their disposal, concealed behind the front bumper. The winch is said to comply with all legal regulations, as does the polished stainless steel bull bar, which meets pedestrian protection safety standards.

Other upgrades available for the second-gen Dacia Duster from Delta 4ࡪ are the additional PIAA front lights, roof rack, LED light bar and a selection of different rims. The pictured wheel set, complete with the BF Goodrich rubber, costs €1,790 ($1,998). Opting for different tires will drop the price to €1,350 ($1,507).

The roof rack will set you back for €798 ($891), the bull bar costs €296 ($330) and is available in black, too and the lift kit is another €450 ($502). The 2-ton (4,409 lbs) winch can be yours for €1,178 ($1,315). Depending on how powerful they are, the extra lights cost between €264 and €500 ($295-$558) and the LED lights from €300 ($335) to €949 ($1,060). These prices are for the German market and include tax.


Renault is born

Though the Renault Corporation was not officially founded until 1899, it was on Christmas Eve of 1898 that Louis Renault sold his first car, following a test drive, of course.

It was called the Renault Voiturette 1CV, and, in various guises, was sold until 1903. It had a top speed of 20mph, unthinkable back in the day.

By 1908, Renault was the largest car manufacturer in France, building around 3,500 units that year. Today, the company builds around 10,000 vehicles every single day across its various brands.


Watch the video: History of Romania 168BC-2019AD every year Istoria României (January 2022).