Category History Timelines

The Battle for Madrid
History Timelines

The Battle for Madrid

The Battle for Madrid The control of Madrid during the Spanish Civil War was key if one of the two sides was going to win. The control of the seat of government - as Madrid was - made the battle for Madrid a very important occurrence during the Spanish Civil War. The battle for Madrid actually proved indecisive during the Spanish Civil War in terms of who controlled the entire city.

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Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Ernst Kaltenbrunner was the most senior member of the SS captured by the Allies at the end of World War Two. Involved in the Holocaust, Kaltenbrunner stood trial at Nuremberg and was sentenced to death for his crimes. Kaltenbrunner joined the Austrian Nazi Party in 1932. He was a devoted follower of Adolf Hitler and within Austria he worked closely with Arthur Seyss-Inquart and Adolf Eichmann.
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The Lockhart Plot

The Lockhart Plot The Lockhart Plot was alleged to have taken place in the immediate aftermath of World War One. It was/is said that the Lockhart Plot was an assassination attempt on Vladimir Lenin sanctioned, though denied, by the British government. To this day there is no evidence that the Lockhart Plot even existed as nearly 90 years after the era many documents assumed to be relevant are still being held under the Official Secrets Act.
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The Bolsheviks in power

The Bolsheviks in power When the Bolsheviks seized power in Petrograd in November 1917, they faced many problems. Not least was the fact that the Bolsheviks only controlled a very small part of Russia - basically the land between Petrograd and Moscow, a rectangular band of territory 30 miles by 400 miles.
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Josef Mengele

Josef Mengele was one of the most infamous men associated with the death camps and the Holocaust. Josef Mengele gained infamy for his experiments on twins while at Auschwitz-Birkenau - though he also worked at other camps during World War Two. In 1937, Mengele joined the Nazi Party and one year later he joined the SS.
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The October Manifesto

The October Manifesto 'Bloody Sunday' in 1905 had severely weakened any hope Nicholas II had of calling himself the 'father of his people'. By the end of the year, St Petersburg had been affected by many strikes and political agitation in the factories was rife. On the first Sunday in March, an estimated 300,000 people had taken to the streets of the capital shouting out a variety of slogans.
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The Bolsheviks

The Bolsheviks The Bolsheviks were born out of Russia's Social Democrat Party. When the party split in 1903, the Bolsheviks only had one obvious leader - Lenin. In the last years of the C19th, the Social Democrats had competed with numerous other ideologies in Russia. Included in these ideologies were the Socialist Revolutionaries and Populists.
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Political Reforms of 1919

Political Reforms of 1919 Lenin was a great believer that political reforms had to accompany economic reforms. During the civil war, the Bolsheviks had to have a stranglehold on rights in the areas that they controlled. Few would have been able to differentiate between the repression of the tsars and the autocratic nature of the Bolsheviks.
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Nicolai Bukharin

Nicolai Bukharin Nikolai Bukharin played an important part in the Russian Revolution. Bukharin was seen as being a member of the Bolshevik Party's 'Old Guard' and such a label led to him being one of the men put on trial during Joseph Stalin's show trials held in the mid to late 1930's. Bukharin was to pay with his life for his 'treasonable activities'.
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Hans Biebow

Hans Biebow was the most senior Nazi official who oversaw the manufacturing work done in the Lodz Ghetto. Biebow held this position from April 1940 until the destruction of the ghetto in the summer of 1944. Biebow also oversaw the deportation of tens of thousands of Jews to Chelmno or Auschwitz. Hans Biebow was born on December 18 th , 1902.
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The Lodz Ghetto

The Lodz ghetto became the second largest ghetto created by the Nazis after their invasion of Poland - the largest was the Warsaw Ghetto. The Lodz ghetto was only originally intended to a be a temporary feature in Lodz but the sheer number of people involved meant that it became a permanent feature of Lodz until August 1944 when those who remained were transported to Auschwitz/Birkenau.
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Police and Ethnic Minorities

In March 2010 the Equality and Human Rights Commission claimed that most police forces unfairly targeted black and Asian male youths when using 'stop and search' powers. The EHRC found that black male youths were six times more likely to be stopped by police than same-age white youths. The EHRC also stated that Asian male youths were twice as likely to be stopped when compared to same-age white youths.
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Nuremberg War Crime Trials

The Nuremberg War Crime Trials were held between 1945 to 1949. However, the most famous trials at Nuremberg were those of the major war criminals and these were held from November 20th, 1945 to October 1st, 1946. The trials at Nuremberg held after these dates were for the so-called lesser war criminals.
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British Internees in Germany

When war started in September 1939, there were many thousands of British civilians living in Nazi Germany and also in what were to become occupied countries. These British civilians were to become internees - not prisoners of war, but civilians who had been caught up in the speed of Germany's Blitzkrieg advance across Western Europe.
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Crime and the Sex Trade

It is said that prostitution is the “oldest profession” and there is little doubt that aspects of the sex trade have been around for hundreds of years. Today the sex trade is inextricably linked up with gangs, people trafficking and human misery. Because the sex trade is effectively covert, no one is really sure how many people are involved in it and how much it exactly makes.
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British Internees

When war started in September 1939, there were many thousands of British civilians living in Nazi Germany and also in what were to become occupied countries. These British civilians were to become internees - not prisoners of war, but civilians who had been caught up in the speed of Germany's Blitzkrieg advance across Western Europe.
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Prisoners of War

Prisoners of war are a product of any war. By the end of World War Two, hundreds of thousands of soldiers, airman and sailors had been held as prisoners of war in all the theatres of war - Western Europe, Eastern Europe, the Far East, Asia and North Africa. There were rules that governed the treatment of prisoners of war (the Geneva Convention) - though a document formulated in Switzerland in times of world peace was always going to be hard pushed to be accepted by all those involved in World War Two.
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Immigration and Crime

Immigration and crime were increasingly linked between 2000 and 2010 as thousands flocked to the UK. Many legitimately came from other EU countries when new countries such as Poland and Rumania joined the EU. Many more have entered the UK illegally from the Middle East, Africa and Middle Asia and the police now believe that people trafficking is proving as lucrative for criminal gangs as drug smuggling.
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Deviance

Social groups, according to Howard Becker, create deviance by making the rules whose infraction constitutes deviant behaviour and by applying these rules to particular people and labelling them as outsiders. From this point of view, deviance is not an action which the person commits, but rather a consequence of application by others of the rules and sanctions to an 'offender'.
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Ralph Bagnold

Ralph Bagnold founded the Long Range Desert Group, that with the Special Air Service, played such an important part in the war in Africa during World War Two. Bagnold was born in 1896 and died in 1990. His father had been in the Royal Engineers and he had always encouraged his son to seek out information.
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Identity Fraud

Identity fraud has become a more common criminal offence as both people and companies have become more Internet reliant. Identity fraud may be non-violent and in many senses an 'invisible' crime but it can have a major impact on an individual's life. One way of gaining details on someone's identity is by bin-raiding.
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