Coal Mines in the Industrial Revolution Coal was needed in vast quantities for the Industrial Revolution. For centuries, people in Britain had made do with charcoal if they needed a cheap and easy way to acquire fuel. What 'industry' that existed before 1700 used coal, but it came from coal mines that were near to the surface and the coal was relatively easy to get to.
Category Peoples, Nations, Events
Matyas Rakosi Mátyás Rákosi was a Hungarian politician. Rákosi was very much a supporter of Joseph Stalin and was seen by Moscow as a safe pair of hands after the end of World War Two when the Red Army dominated what was to become the Eastern Bloc. Mátyás Rákosi was born in 1892 in Ada. He fought in World War One but was captured by the Russians and held in a prisoner-of-war camp.
Life in Fascist Italy Life in Mussolini's Italy was little different from other dictatorships which existed between 1918 and 1939. Nazi Germany and Stalin's Russia were to use (and expand) on developments that had been in existence in Fascist Italy since the 1920's. People had little control over their personal life and the state controlled as much of you as they could.
Fidel Castro, leader of Cuba since 1959, was born in 1926 in Biran, Cuba. Castro's father was a sugar-planter. Fidel Castro got deeply into politics during his student days when he studied Law at Havana University. After qualifying as a lawyer in 1950, Castro spent his time giving legal representation to the poor in Havana.
The Korean War from 1950 to 1953 was the most severe test the United Nations had to face since its inception in 1945. As part of the whole Cold War scenario, the Korean War was a complicated issue with which the United Nations had to successfully deal with or lose credibility just five years after it had come into being.
The English Electric Lightning was Britain's primary defender of air space during the Cold War from 1960 on. The Lightning saw 28 years of active service in the RAF. The Lightning 'started' life as the P1 - a prototype designed by W. Petter. The P1's shape near enough mirrored the now familiar Lightning's shape and was the first British designed aircraft to fly at Mach 2 - this it achieved on November 25 th 1958 in a test flight.
Project Azorian was the codename given to an American attempt during the Cold War to raise a sunken Soviet submarine. Project Azorian was approved in 1972 by the then US President, Richard Nixon, and remained secret for over thirty years. It was only after a Freedom of Information application in 2010 that the CIA released any information on Project Azorian.
The United Nations has many specialised agencies which work usually away from the public eye. While the United Nations has become part of the news via its political involvement in such issues as the Middle East, Korea and the Congo, the work of its agencies goes on year in and year out addressing such problems as humanitarian aid, world health and the international improvement in working conditions.
The League of Nations was to play a crucial role in Palestine after the League of Nations was created after World War One. The League of Nations was dominated by Britain and French in its first few years as they were the only world powers in the League that had the necessary clout to enforce its authority - though after the casualties both nations experienced in World War One, this apparent authority was debatable.
The United Nations has been involved in various problems in the Middle East since 1948. Whereas the Korean War and the Congo issues were settled in the sense that there was no further outbreak of hostilities, the United Nations has not managed to do the same in the Middle East. Wars have broken out in 1948, 1956, 1967 and 1973 and severe problems exist to this day.
Golda Meir was a Prime Minister of Israel from 1969 to 1973 and played a central part in recent Middle East history. Golda Meir was born in 1898 in Kiev (in what was then Russia under Nicholas II). Meir's maiden name was Mabovich. In 1907, her family emigrated to America and she received an education in Milwaukee.
The Jewish Agency was originally formed to represent the Jewish community in Palestine. The Jewish Agency was established by the British who had a League of Nations mandate to administer Palestine. The agency also had the support of the League. The makeup of the Jewish Agency was only finalised in 1929.
The 2008 Democrat Party primaries ran their full course from January to June. At the start of 2008, many pollsters believed that Hilary Clinton would win the Democrat Party nomination for presidency with a degree of ease. She was an experienced Senator whose husband would be able to use his political experience to support her and help her raise the necessary funding that the primary season demands.
In 1900, China's glory days were behind her. China was a nation in decline. In 1900, China was heavily controlled by foreign nations who tended to dominate the ports such as Shanghai. China was ruled by the Qing family, though the family is better known as the Manchu's. The Nineteenth Century has seen a marked involvement in China by European powers.
What became known as 'Super-Duper Tuesday' was held on February 5 th . Previous to this primary season in election year, the key day was known as 'Super Tuesday' and was invariably held in March. The fact that the date moved to February gives an indication of how important some states saw their primaries.
It had been hoped that the 2006-midterm elections in America would not degenerate into elections as to who has raised the most amount of money or that negative campaigning would dominate the issue. With regards to the 2006 midterms in America, neither seems to have worked. The 2006 midterm elections have already been dubbed “the most expensive US Congressional election” in history” - 'The Times' - October 27 th 2006.
When the new Congress convenes in January 2007, this will be the current representation (November 13 th 2006): House: Democrats: 229 Republicans: 196 This gives the Democrats a healthy majority of 33 in the House. The Democrats gained 28 House seats from the Republicans Senate: Democrats: 49 Republicans: 49 Independents: 2 The Democrats gained 6 Senate seats from the Republicans This gives the Democrats a majority of 2 only if the two Independents (Joe Lieberman from Connecticut and Bernie Sanders from Vermont) vote with them.
Midterms have always been used for voters to express their concerns with the current government and the 2006 midterms were no exception. The healthy state of affairs in Congress - from the Republican Party's point of view - pre-elections is no longer the case with the Democrats in control of the House (where they will have the first female Speaker of the House, Nancy Pelosi) and with the support of two Independent Senators, control of the Senate.
Chiang Kai-shek was born in 1887 and died in 1975. Chiang Kai-shek was the natural successor to Sun Yat-sen and, alongside Mao, he was to play a fundamental role in China's history in the Twentieth Century. Chiang in 1930 Chiang Kai-shek had a humble beginning, but he received an education that lead him to attending a Japanese military staff college and serving in the Japanese Imperial Army for several years.
The British Task Force started to land its troops at San Carlos Bay on May 21 st 1982 after receiving the go-ahead from London. Brigadier J H Thompson, Royal Marines, led the troops from 3 Commando Brigade. His second in command was Colonel T Seccombe, Royal Marines. Men from 40, 42 and 45 Commando were landed in San Carlos Bay along with men from 2 Para and 3 Para, Parachute Regiment.
World War Two was the first war to see the concerted use of rockets - be they rockets fired at civilians such as the V1 and V2, rockets fired from planes at trains etc as was seen so clearly in the early days after D-Day in June 1944 and rocket systems such as the Katyusha used to support the infantry by the Russians in their advance to Berlin.